why industrial revolution started in england upsc

why industrial revolution started in england upsc

It would have been difficult for the Constituent Assembly to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution for Independent India in just three years but for the experience gained with the Government of India Act, 1935. Farms and businessmen were always competing with each other, creating machines that could make goods faster, plough fields faster, and increase production. Social Impact: This Revolution supported the rise of new urban centres like Manchester but also indirectly helped in the emergence of terms like slums, nuclear family, urbanization, exploitation of women and children. As a result, this new form of government encouraged entrepreneurship, as it allowed them to be free and not have their wealth taken away by the government. This form of government was radically different to many of the other countries at the time, and was also partly responsible for allowing industrialization to occur in Britain. This new use of the steam engine allowed Britain to make goods at a cheaper cost, and spurned a profit for British factories. However, the steam engine could not have been built had there not been an incentive to do so, and the British government was partly responsible in encouraging scientists and inventors. Parliament, a body of elected leaders, is what held the true power. HAVEN’T FOUND ESSAY YOU WANT? References BBC. An important thing to note is that the Industrial Revolution was born out of need; the need to compete with others and the need for cheap labour. 2013. Required fields are marked *. Colville, The Industrial Revolution John Green. How far do you agree that the behaviour of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscapes? Why the Industrial Revolution happened in Britain. Clarify how mid-eighteenth century India was beset with the spectre of a fragmented polity. Why is this so? He created it to fix the problem of flooding mines. Why was Industrial Revolution started in Britain? After industrial revolution we might edit this sample to provide you with a plagiarism-free paper, Service There were many factors that support Britain to become the epicentre of the Industrial Revolution. Britain was rich with natural resources. Soon other European nations followed suit. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhL5DCizj5c (Accessed 9 April) crashcourse. Industrial revolution prepared the way for imperialism in Asia and Africa because the rivalry for market started among European powers. Your email address will not be published. Coal, Steam and the Industrial Revolution. England also boasted a highly successful finance system as bankers were willing to give loans in order to invest in the agricultural and manufacturing sectors. There were many factors that support Britain to become the epicentre of the Industrial Revolution. Discuss the quality of life of the people there during the industrialization. Labour law and Child labour became relevant. India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Why did the Industrial Revolution Start in England? 1  The form of government in Britain was known as a parliamentary monarchy. No. However, By continuing to use our website, you agree to our. The steam engine was first designed by Thomas Newcomen. All of these factors combined together allowed Britain to be the centre for the Industrial Revolution, and to eventually become the world’s industrial superpower. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Britain? Important factors are given below: 2. 3Furthermore, the mines were located near the sea, which allowed Britain’s strong navy to carry the coal cheaply to the markets. (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2012) 3 Colville, The Industrial Revolution 4 Colville, The Industrial Revolution 5 John Green. In this article, we have discussed about the factors which were responsible for the Britain to become the epicentre of the Industrial Revolution and also discussed the impact of this revolution which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc. Capitalism led to the emergence of Socialism and Marxism. Please, specify your valid email address, Remember that this is just a sample essay and since it might not be original, we do not recommend to submit it. 2. Coal deposits in Britain were shallow, making it easy to mine. Working 24/7, 100% Purchase 5. 67,700, CBSE Class 10 Home Science Sample Question Paper 2021 (with Answers & Marking Scheme), CBSE Marking Scheme for Class 10 Home Science Sample Question Paper 2021 - Check Answers and Marks Distribution Scheme. How did it affect the lives of people in Europe? can send it to you via email. 4 James Watt, a self-taught scientist, was able to improve the steam engine, making it more efficient, and allowed it to have many practical applications outside of mining. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, England partook in more trade overseas than any other European nation, while securing their success through a powerful navy through which to protect their merchant ships. 2 If Britain were to transition successfully into the Industrial Revolution, it would need a cheap, abundant fuel source to power its machines. 1. Charles Colville. Disappearance of serfdom (a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord) and ‘enclosure movement’ provided huge surplus agricultural labour which looked for employment and became source of cheap labour. Economic Impact: Profit making became the core of all economic activities. The increase in agriculture productivity ensured availability of raw material and labour for industrial revolution. 2. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/0/20979973 (Accessed 9 April) Colville, C. 2013. When and Why British first landed on Indian Territory. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. website. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. Capitalism and Socialism. Critically evaluate. Coal was an essential mineral to the Industrial Revolution, as it was a powerful fuel source, and it was readily available for the British Empire. By the end of the 19th century, the island of Great Britain, which is about the size of the state of Louisiana, controlled the largest empire in the history of the world—an empire that covered one quarter of the world’s land mass. This new system turned out to be quite beneficial for the Industrial Revolution. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3u4EFTwprM (Accessed 18 April) Anderson M., Keese, O., Low, A., Harvey, K. 2012. How Did the Industrial Revolution Change the Way…, Zuni Public School Dist. Pask, R. 2009. The combination of Britain’s geographical luck, mineral wealth, political liberalisation and capitalism all combined to ensure that Britain would be the first country to successfully industrialise. For instance, the steam engine could now be used in factories 5 and increased production of goods. These incentives were extremely important in promoting growth and innovation, and the parliamentary monarchy was exceptionally good at encouraging the populace to do so. Retroactive 9: Australian Curriculum for History. Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. 3. FOR ONLY $13.90/PAGE, Industrial Revolution: Why Did the Industrial…, Why Did the Industrial Revolution Began in Britain, Industrial Revolution: How Did the Industrial…, How Did the Industrial Revolution Affect Britain. Political Impact: This revolution divided the world in terms of economic activities into developed and under-developed. 8 An important aspect of capitalism was the fact that you had to compete with others. 2012. The Industrial Revolution refers to the transition of hand production methods to the mechanized factory system. Before the 18th century, most people lived off of the land, as they had done so for many generations. With the advent of geographical discoveries and inventions like Steam Power, Use of Mechanical Power opens new avenues of trade and commerce. Whilst this may sound bad, it gave the all too important motivation for people to innovate. Coal, Steam and The Industrial Revolution. In a parliamentary monarchy, a monarch still exists, but they are more of a figurehead than of an absolute ruler. Therefore Industrial Revolution had also some disadvantages which are given below: 1. Whilst a horse drawn cart was able to pump out water, it could only do so up to a depth of about 30 metres. The Industrial Revolution. John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Australia. Beyond this, Britain had a form of government that supported industrialisation. Everything that happened in the Industrial Revolution occurred because people had incentives to do so. The need for more coal, and the applications of coal, spurred the mind of Thomas Newcomen, who invented a machine that would be an essential part of the Industrial Revolution. Continental European countries could not adopt Industrial Revolution as early as Britain because Europe faced political instability. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity.

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