On October 19, 1998 President Clinton signed the "Year 2000 Information and Readiness Disclosure Act" into law. This Act, also called the Year 2000 "Good Samaritan" law, encourages the continued dissemination of Year 2000 ("Y2K") readiness information by limiting the liability associated with disclosure of Y2K issues. Many overdose deaths could be prevented if someone would call 911 for emergency help—but witnesses are too often afraid to call for fear of being arrested. Researchers at Cornell University found an increase in the number of calls for alcohol and drug related emergencies, and a decrease in students’ fear to call for help. The Good Samaritan Law is a law that protects civilians who help people they believe to be injured or otherwise in danger. The first 911 Good Samaritan Law was passed by New Mexico’s state legislature in 2007, and these laws have since been established in 32 states and Washington, D.C. The 1990 model legislation was used by several states in the drafting of their own Good Samaritan statutes. The new federal Good Samaritan law protects businesses, volunteers and non-profit organizations from civil or criminal liability in the course of donating apparently fit and wholesome food or grocery products for distribution to needy people. The 1995 Report found that 83% of more than 240 companies polled cited "liability concerns" as the single greatest factor in determining whether or not a company would donate product. AB 83, passed into law in 2009, changed this by protecting both “ medical and nonmedical care.” The bill came after an actual good Samaritan case, in which a witness of a car accident pulled a person from a car that was likely to catch on fire. Yes. The goal is to protect people so they are not afraid to involve emergency services as soon as possible. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If the victim visibly and/or vocally objects to help and the rescuer continues to give it, they can be faced with legal repercussions. The above map identifies Good Samaritan laws that are specific to alcohol or alcohol/drugs. All 50 states enacted their own versions of the Good Samaritan legislation, with varying degrees of liability protection, coverage, types of food covered, definitions of donors and other standards. Data suggests that Emergency Medical Services are called in the event of an overdose less than 56% of the time.2. Together, we can reverse the addiction crisis. For example, the Good Samaritan Law provides people with the freedom to act without having to fear the other person might sue them. Research indicates that Medical Amnesty laws, which exist in some capacity at over 240 universities, are making tremendous strides. As the House Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities noted: "These laws ... vary with respect to the types of food covered and the definition of donor and good faith." To encourage people to seek out medical attention for an overdose or for follow-up care after naloxone has been administered, 40 states and the District of Columbia have enacted some form of a Good Samaritan or 911 drug immunity law. The federal Good Samaritan Act preempts the various state Good Samaritan statutes with a single, federal standard of criminal and civil liability in the donation of food and grocery products. The Good Samaritan law was created to protect individuals who acted in good faith, not those with selfish intentions. Current status of 911 Good Samaritan Laws in the United States The first 911 Good Samaritan Law was passed by New Mexico’s state legislature in 2007, and these laws have since been established in 32 states and Washington, D.C. When someone witnesses an overdose, he may not want to call 911 for fear of arrest, identification, or other police involvement.1 These laws grant individuals varying levels of immunity from liability and prosecution if someone calls 911 during a drug overdose. In the wake of the opioid epidemic, many state legislatures have added drug overdose provisions to existing Good Samaritan alcohol laws. These 911 Good Samaritan laws prioritize the victim’s safety and resuscitation over arresting drug users. But the exact contents of each law varies by state. A standard Good Samaritan Law protects witnesses from liability (meaning, the witness can't be sued for damages) as well as from prosecution if a victim is injured during the course of a rescue attempt. It does not include Good Samaritan statutes that are exclusive to drugs. On October 1, 1996, President Clinton signed into law the Bill Emerson Good Samaritan Food Donation Act, a new federal law to encourage the donation of food and grocery products to non-profit charitable organizations for distribution to needy people. Consent by the victim must be given to render help. Donors and potential donors should consult legal counsel regarding the applicability of the statute to their activities. The Year 2000 Information and Readiness Act.