what is poseidon the god of

what is poseidon the god of

. . Poseidon created horses (some versions say a spring of salt water), but Athena created the incredibly useful olive tree, and so the capital of Greece is Athens, not Poseidonia. Wikipedia contributors. . The Greek god Poseidon was a well-muscled giant with flowing blue hair. Once again, Poseidon intervened—this time with the help from Hera, who distracted Zeus with her feminine charms and lured him into a deep slumber. Write a song, poem, or prayer calling upon him and extolling his virtues, in particular his power as a god who can move both the earth and the sea. Poseidon has frequently appeared in popular video games, including in the God of War and the Assassin’s Creed series. When the three brothers deposed their father, the kingdom of the sea fell by lot to Poseidon. Beneath his immortal feet as the sea lord surged on. He was depicted as a mature man with a sturdy build and dark beard holding a trident (a three-pronged fisherman's spear). Poseidon performed the work as instructed, but nursed a bitter grudge for the affront. The Greek god's antipathy toward the wily Odysseus is kindled by the mortal wound that the hero deals to Polyphemus the Cyclops, a son of Poseidon. Despite Poseidon’s connection to chariots and ships, Athena was the first to make one of each. Ol. He is also believed to be the force behind earthquakes, an odd expansion of the power of a sea god, but possibly due to the association between earthquakes and tsunamis in Greece. Hestia, Demeter, and Hera were his sisters. With their golden manes streaming behind them, His Roman name was Neptune. This earned him the nickname “Earth-shaker.”. Poseidon's symbol or attribute: The three-pronged trident.He is associated with horses, seen in the crashing of waves on the shore. One well-known modern poem is C. P. Cavafy's "Ithaca," which mentions Poseidon. There is only one reference to this divide, by Homer in the Iliad. Link will appear as Poseidon: https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net - Greek Gods & Goddesses, September 19, 2014, © Greek Gods and Goddesses 2010 - 2020 | About | Contact | Privacy, Poseidon: https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net, Poseidon, Poseidon Aegaeus, Poseidon Hippios, Theseus, Triton, Polyphemus, Belus, Agenor, Neleus, Atlas. He was at Mount Olympus more often than his palace. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. Dolphins leaving their lairs to sport across his wake, Otherwise he had many monstrous offspring, including giants and savage creatures, such as Orion, Antaeus, and Polyphemus. . (Hence the name of the body of water.). The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology. With his wife, Amphitrite, he fathered a half-fish son, Triton. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The remains of this ancient temple are surrounded on three sides by water and supposedly the site where Aegeus, the King of Athens, jumped off the ledge to his death. With it, she won the contest. He was similar to Zeus in that he liked to exert power over women and flaunt his rugged masculinity. . Along with his brothers and sisters, Hestia, Demeter, Hades, Hera, and Zeus, Poseidon was born of the union between Rhea and Cronus, Titans who ruled the universe before the rise of the Olympian pantheon. However, some say that Rhea managed to hide Poseidon from his father’s rage as well – either in a flock of lambs in Arcadia or in Rhodes to be raised by Oceanus’ daughter Capheira and the Telchines. Like the other gods who meddled in the Trojan conflict, Poseidon’s assistance came mostly in the form of moral support. In the challenge for the patronage of the polis of Athens, Poseidon lost to his niece Athena but then worked cooperatively with her as in the Trojan War where they try to thwart Zeus with Hera's help. . He is the son of Cronus and Rhea and was swallowed by his father along with Hades , Demeter , Hestia and Hera . Homer. p. Crashing waves sank their small wooden ships. Poseidon appeared briefly in the Disney animated films Hercules (1997) and The Little Mermaid (1989); in the latter he took the guise of the benevolent King Triton, also known as Neptune (the Romanized version of Poseidon). In addition to his influence over the seas, Poseidon was responsible for earthquakes, striking the ground with his trident, a three-pronged spear, to awesomely devastating effect. Poseidon was brother to Zeus and Hades. Hard, Robin. He typically is shown holding his powerful trident, and is sometimes accompanied by dolphins. Poseidon, in ancient Greek religion, god of the sea (and of water generally), earthquakes, and horses.He is distinguished from Pontus, the personification of the sea and the oldest Greek divinity of the waters. Poseidon was as unruly as the seas he was thought to control. Poseidon's symbol or attribute: The three-pronged trident. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... An amphora (jar) with a representation of Poseidon, attributed to the Berlin Painter, c. 470–465, Poseidon, marble statue from Melos, 2nd century. Poseidon of Milos, marble statue in the National Archaeological Museum of Athens, Athens, Greece (cropped and retouched).George E. Koronaios / CC BY-SA 4.0. He was the father of Pelias and Neleus by Tyro, the daughter of Salmoneus, and thus became the divine ancestor of the royal families of Thessaly and Messenia. Poseidon himself fathered many horses, best known of which was the winged horse Pegasus by the Gorgon Medusa. . Poseidon was responsible, according to Greek legend, for the collapse of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete, which was all but destroyed by a giant quake and tsunami. In the fullness of his manhood, Poseidon wed Amphitrite, one of the nymphs known as the Nereids (the daughters of Nereus and Doris) and a figure long associated with the sea (and salt water in particular). . The king couldn't part with the beast, and in anger, Poseidon caused the princess Pasiphae to fall in love with the bull, and to birth the legendary half-bull, half-man called the Minotaur. However, his domain includes some aspects of the land as well, and in fact he is known as “earth-shaker” in many stories, because of his penchant for causing earthquakes. At a critical moment in the battle, when the Achaeans seemed near defeat at the hands of the attacking Trojans, Poseidon raced to the battlefield and assumed the form of the prophet Calchas. He was known to be vengeful when insulted. He sired two children with the latter, including a small speaking horse named Areion. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, The Twelve Olympian Gods and Goddesses of Greek Mythology, Visit the Temples of the Greek Gods and Goddesses, 10 Fast Facts on Athena and Her Parthenon, What You Need to Know About the Greek God Zeus, Fast Facts on Helios - Greek God of the Sun, Hephaestus, the Greek God of Fire and Volcanoes, The Greek Mythology of Clash of the Titans, Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion, Greece, The Story of Nike, the Greek Goddess of Victory. One of the chief Olympian deities, Poseidon was a defiant god whose power was second only to that of Zeus. Although he was chiefly known as god of the sea and seafarers, his power extended to other domains as well. Parents: Kronos, god of time, and Rhea, goddess of the earth. Poseidon was moody by nature: his temperament was unstable at best, and his emotional fluctuations often resulted in violence. Down Poseidon dove and yoked his bronze-hoofed horses The predecessor to Poseidon was the Titan Oceanus. According to Ovid, Poseidon’s rape of Medusa so enraged the lovely maiden that serpents grew from her head, making her hideous to behold. . Poseidon, in ancient Greek religion, god of the sea (and of water generally), earthquakes, and horses.

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