In type 2 conditional sentences, the time is now or any time and the situation is hypothetical. There are many different topics and levels. It would highlight the alternative column starting from the second column. The type 2 conditional refers to an unlikely or hypothetical condition and its probable result. The type 2 conditional refers to an unlikely or hypothetical condition and its probable result. These sentences are not based on the actual situation. : We use the past simple (I had) in the if-clause.It shows we are talking about something which is unlikely to happen or is an imaginary situation. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical. (Though I am unlikely to win the lottery). Example: If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world. The reason we use WERE instead of WAS is because the sentence is in the Subjunctive mood. = It is unlikely that I will win the lottery, but I'm going to hypothetically imagine that I did win. We would have a lot of money if we sold our house. All rights reserved. The second conditional (also called conditional type 2) is a structure used for talking about unreal situations in the present or in the future. I would tell you the answer if I knew what it was. This is actually a zero conditional that refers to past time. Signup to our newsletter "English in your Inbox" to receive your monthly fix of English by email. If I won a lot of money I’d travel the world. Notice how the comma is not necessary with this word order. In that situation I would travel around the world. Things to Remember : If I were you, I would.. (buy a ticket for the lottery). – THIS SITUATION IS IMAGINARY – the speaker is at work. Second Conditional 16 Question strips adapted from the below Pair Work activity. As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. The Second Conditional is often used for giving advice. If I were not in debt, I would quit my job. e.g. Time: present; the TENSE is past, but we are talking about the present, now. If you wish to leave out the first column and highlight from the second column, you need to use the below formula. In a type 2 conditional sentence, the tense in the "if" clause is the simple past, and the tense in the main clause is the present conditional or the present continuous conditional. The second clause of subject + would + verb (conditional verb) is conditional to the first clause happening (or will only happen if the first part/clause happens). (Though it is unlikely I will become President). If it's a nice day tomorrow, we'll go swimming. Second Conditional Introduction. The second clause of subject + would + verb (conditional verb) is conditional to the first clause happening (or will only happen if the first part/clause happens). (second conditional, the condition is possible but unlikely, you probably won't miss the train) Sometimes a sentence may look like a second conditional, but in fact it is not: If he was angry, he would always shout and slam doors. = It is unlikely that I will win the lottery, but I'm going to hypothetically imagine that I did win. The second conditional is a structure used to talk about impossible or imaginary situations. See our grammar notes about IF I WERE YOU... COULD can be used instead of WOULD to make the hypothetical present or future more likely. If I won a lot of money I’d travel the world. The structure of a second conditional sentence if I would have: If I had enough money, I would buy a new computer. If I were a plant, I would love the rain. Choose the correct sentence that expresses an impossible or imaginary (unreal) situation – second conditional. If he trained every day, he could represent his country. The present conditional of any verb is composed of two elements:would + the infinitive of the main verb, without "to". We can also use other modals in Second Conditionals. If he didn’t argue with everyone all the time, he would have a more relaxed life. So in order for me to travel around the world, I would need the first clause (the condition or situation) to happen, that is, for me to win the lottery first. You wouldn't be so tired if you went to bed earlier. To form the second conditional we use: If+past simple and would+infinitive. If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world. If you went to bed earlier you wouldn't be so tired. Click on OK; it will highlight the alternate row. In type 2 conditional sentences, you can also use modals in the main clause instead of "would" to express the degree of certainty, permission, or a recommendation about the outcome. If I had a little more money, I could buy a car. He could go to the concert if you gave him your ticket. If he didn’t argue with everyone all the time, he would have a more relaxed life. When we are thinking about a situation in the present or future that is hypothetical, unlikely or impossible, we use: We use a past verb though are imagining the present or the future to be different. Nature: unreal (impossible) or improbable situations. I would be happy if I had more free time. If he were taller, he'd be accepted into the team. She would still be correcting my grammar if she were still alive. If I weren't/wasn't at work, I'd be on the beach. Note that with the verb To Be we use IF + I / HE / SHE / IT + WERE. Second conditional. If I became President, I would reduce the salaries of all politicians. e.g. The second conditional is a structure used to talk about impossible or imaginary situations. : If I had a space shuttle, I could travel to space. ), If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone a chicken. Copy the above formula and apply it in the formula section of the conditional formatting. In type 2 conditional sentences, the time is now or any time and the situation is hypothetical. This usage doesn't sound good though unfortunately is common. Â© EF Education First 2020.
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