In academic publishing, an author presents an argument in a paper, such as on a work of literature, stating why it should be seen in a particular light. A rebuttal can also attack the impact of the counter argument. Our course, College Writing Essentials, will teach you how to write persuasive, logically consistent, and effective academic essays. Rebuttal Essay on “Needed: A License to Drink” “Needed: A License to Drink” is an essay written by Mike Brake. In business, if a customer leaves a poor review of service or products on a website, the company's owner or a manager will, at minimum, need to diffuse the situation by apologizing and offering a concession for goodwill. Enroll in our course, A Clear Logical Argument Guaranteed, to learn how to from logical, persuasive arguments. Identify any false assumptions your opponent is likely to use so that they are easy to spot during a debate. In this arena, rebuttals don't make new arguments, just battle the positions already presented in a specific, timed format. This gives you a chance to express your key points in advance of the counter argument and provide a rebuttal for your audience. Rebuttal Example Attacking Assumptions. In a debate, a rebuttal is the part where you explain what is flawed about the other side’s argument. Being able to understand your opponent’s argument and turn it around is a very powerful persuasive skill that can be used to win debates and influence people. By bringing up your opponent’s argument in advance and countering it within your own essay, you can make your own argument more persuasive. If you keep your argument organized and concise and present it with confidence, it will be difficult for anyone to disagree with you. The best way to start developing a counter argument is by exploring the topics you expect your opponent to discuss, and familiarizing yourself with the argument they are most likely to use. Instead it goes directly into counterargument and rebuttal. If you don’t clearly mark your counter argument as being a rebuttal of your thesis, your audience may mistakenly believe it’s your own view. In public affairs and politics, people can argue points in front of the local city council or even speak in front of their state government. Learn about the data you expect your opponent to cite, the reliability of their data, and the most persuasive arguments against it. In certain cases, counter arguments could target the relevance of an argument. You can then present a factual counter argument by pointing out inconsistencies in the facts they present to support their argument. Do you simply exclude the counter argument in order to strengthen your thesis, or refine your thesis to take the new evidence into account? They differ in legal and argumentation contexts, wherein refutation involves any counterargument, while rebuttals rely on contradictory evidence to provide a means for a counterargument. The first speaker will also anticipate your position and will try to make it look erroneous. However, in persuasive speaking, a rebuttal is typically part of a discourse with colleagues and rarely a stand-alone speech. For example, if your thesis is that the sky is blue, a counter argument could argue that the sky isn’t blue. Given this definition, it seems unusual that you would want to prepare an argument that rebuts your own thesis. A rebuttal takes on a couple of different forms. We’ll also look at why a counter argument can be so powerful in logic, persuasion, and reasoning. In this case, using this counter argument is likely to damage your thesis more than it supports it. Whether you’re writing an essay or debating, one of these examples may help you plan your rebuttal. Presenting a counter argument gives you an opportunity to respond to criticism in your own essay. Keep track of them as they're presented in the argument, and go after as many of them as you can. Your position is that video games do not cause an increase in violent behavior, but the counterargument is that they do. By bringing up your opponent’s argument in advance and countering it within your own essay, you can make your own argument more persuasive. Another type of rebuttal involves attacking the relevance of the other’s side’s argument. This presents an interesting moral conundrum. It provides ; Rebuttal 1: The first rebuttal uses the essay writer’s own common sense. For example, an essay arguing that certain parts of the countryside should be protected from commercial development might argue against itself by citing the benefits of development. Create an online video course, reach students across the globe, and earn money. He has had family members die from alcohol related events and believes they might still … Rebuttals in these types of instances need to be delicately and objectively phrased. Rebuttals that rely on facts are also more ethical than those that rely solely on emotion or diversion from the topic through personal attacks on the opponent. All Rights Reserved, Strong Rebuttal Examples for Debate and Essays, A statement of your position and why it differs from the counterargument. Get a subscription to a library of online courses and digital learning tools for your organization with Udemy for Business. Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through female … Effective counter arguments need to be logically consistent, focused, and delivered in a format that your audience can understand. David Hume Kennerly/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Business Writing - How You Can Become a Great Writer, Productivity Hacks for Writers (Writing Mastery), Conquering Writer's Block (Writing Mastery), Business Communication | Write & Speak More Professionally, Writing Tools & Hacks: Copywriting/Blogging/Content Writing, Writing With Confidence: Writing Beginner To Writing Pro, Writing Great Fantasy: World Building Workshop, Counter Argument Example: How to Write an Rebuttal. This type of counter argument is built around the assumption that even if a certain fact is true, it has little relevance to the argument being debated. Counter-argument: This counter-argument works much in the same way as a research detail does. When evidence directly disproves your thesis, you should use it to modify, refine, and strengthen your thesis. If a writer of a paper has the paper rejected for publishing by the journal, a well-crafted rebuttal letter can give further evidence of the quality of the work and the due diligence taken to come up with the thesis or hypothesis. This is new evidence only and witnesses that contradict defense witness testimony. I would only suggest that while we do not take the credit for it – I would not presume to – that since that committee has been formed the price line has been held very well within the United States. A rebuttal letter about the paper can find the flaws in the argument and evidence cited, and present contradictory evidence. In general, you should present a counter argument towards the end of your thesis but prior to your conclusion. The outline below, adapted from Seyler's Understanding Argument, is an example of a rebuttal section from a thesis essay. In this essay, Brake explains why he thinks people need a license to drink. But in some cases, a business needs to be defended. They don’t appear to generalize from these settings, so there’s no reason to assume that seeing an animal in captivity means people always think of that species as a captive. For example, imagine you are debating or writing an essay on the topic of video games and violence. It's both illustrative — a more personal way to talk about dry statistics — and an appeal to emotions. A well-rounded, fair counter argument can often win a challenging debate or argument. Counter arguments can be based upon a variety of different assumptions. Whether in debate or in an academic thesis, a counter argument can be used to both weaken opposing viewpoints and strengthen your own. Although counter arguments are most frequently used in academic essays, they are most powerful when used in response to an argument presented in debate. For example, imagine you are debating or writing an essay on the topic of video games and violence. I know Senator Kennedy suggested in his speech at Cleveland yesterday that that committee had not been particularly effective. However, in some cases presenting a counter argument can actually strengthen your thesis and weaken any arguments that opposite it. Acknowledge the validity of the counter argument and adjust your own argument to respond to its criticisms. Are you writing a counter argument for a college essay? When writing your thesis or participating in a debate, it’s important to label your counter argument as something that other people believe, rather than something that forms the core of your own argument. In law, an attorney can present a rebuttal witness to show that a witness on the other side is in error. For example, an essay arguing that certain parts of the countryside should be protected from commercial development might argue against itself by citing the benefits of development.
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