When His passion reached its climax, days and nights of the like wrestling had preceded it, and what then becomes audible was only an outburst of the second David's conflict of prayer, which grows hotter as it draws near to the final issue. All of these words are abstract, with the exception of “move,” so let’s take a look at the verse where the word hhapheyts is translated as “move.” Commit thyself unto Jehovah This means that the words “commit” and “delight” are also synonyms. Let’s attempt a Psalm 22 Summary. About the ninth hour Jesus cried, after a long and more silent struggle, ἠλί, ἠλί. If verse 8 sounds harsh, it is nothing compared to the curses in the rest of the Psalm. (ASV, Psalm 22:8) Of course, these two words are not synonyms in the English language, which means we need to find out what these words mean in the Hebrew language. The clause ולא־דמיּה לּי is parallel to ולא תענה, and therefore does not mean: without allowing me any repose (Jeremiah 14:17; Lamentations 3:49), but: without any rest being granted to me, without my complaint being appeased or stilled. 2a. It is not an accusative of the object after Psalm 18:4 (Hitzig), in which case the construction would be continued with ולא יענה. That is, it was claimed by the sufferer that God delighted in him. (ASV, Psalm 22:8) As I began my investigation into this word and its meaning within the context of the verse, I quickly realized that this verse would make an excellent case study to show how important it is to understand Hebrew vocabulary, poetry and philosophy when studying the Bible. 2b. (Note: Eusebius observes on Psalm 22:2 of this Psalm, δικαιοσύνης ὑπάρχων πηγὴ τὴν ἡμετέραν ἁμαρτίαν ἀνέλαβε καὶ εὐλογίας ὢν πέλαγος τὴν ἐπικειμένην ἡμῖν ἐδέξατο κατάραν, and: τὴν ὡρισμένην ἡμῖν παιδείαν ὑπῆλθεν ἑκὼν παιδεία γὰρ ειρήνης ἡμῶν ἐπ ̓ αὐτὸν, ᾗ φησὶν ὁ προφήτης. Roll thyself over to Jehovah; Let him deliver him: Let him rescue him, seeing he wags in him. Commit thyself unto Jehovah; Let him deliver him: Let him rescue him, seeing he delighteth in him. And we continued on in that series for about six months ending at Psalm 20 at which point we turned our attention to the book … Before we get into the meaning of the Hebrew word for “commit,” we need to understand that this verse is written with a chiastic structure, a form of poetry common to Biblical Hebrew, especially the book of Psalms. That it is, however, God to whom he calls is implied both by the direct address אלהי, and by ולא תענה, since he from whom one expects an answer is most manifestly the person addressed. …and they rolled the stone from the well's mouth… (KJV, Genesis 29:3) Open to Psalm 22. If this is so, say they, let him come and rescue one so dear to himself. He is hopelessly abandoned by men. I was asked to provide some insight into the word “commit” from the following passage and interpret it from a Hebraic perspective. By interpreting the Bible this way, we can better see into the mind, culture and philosophy of the Ancient Hebrew people. 146, 4, will by the predicate to דברי and placed before it: far from my salvation, i.e., far from my being rescued, are the words of my cry; there is a great gulf between the two, inasmuch as God does not answer him though he cries unceasingly. So, why did the translators translate this word meaning “to roll” as “commit” in Psalm 22:8? Psalm 3:1,2 A Psalm of David, when he fled from Absalom his son. If you will notice, 1a is parallel with 2a and 1b is parallel with 2b. If God chooses to have one so abject, so despised, so forsaken, so helpless, let him come now and take him as his own. This is another common form of Hebrew poetry called parallelisms. Let him rescue him This violates the structure of the verse, the rhythm, and the custom of the language, and gives to the Psalm a flat and unlyrical commencement. let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him; this is another ironical sarcastic flout, not at God, but at Christ, and at his profession of trust in God, his claim of interest in his favour, and of relation to him as being the Son of his love, in whom he was well pleased; he always was the delight of his Father; he expressed his well pleasedness in him at his baptism, and transfiguration on the mount; he took pleasure in him while he was suffering and dying in the room and stead of his people; and he delivered him, raised him from the dead, and brought him into a large place, because he delighted in him, Psalm 18:19; These very words were said by the Jews concerning Christ, as he hung upon the cross, Matthew 27:43. Those words are a part of a messianic prophecy written by David which started it’s prophetic fulfillment during the time Jesus lived as a man on earth. 1b. But to this it is not adapted on account of its heterogeneousness; hence Hitzig seeks to get over the difficulty by the conjecture משּׁועתי ("from my cry, from the words of my groaning"). What I mean by this is that Hebrew words are often used in a figurative sense, except in the book of Job, where the vocabulary is more frequently used in a concrete way and is very useful in uncovering the concrete meaning of a word. βρύχημα), is the loud cry extorted by the greatest agony, Psalm 38:9; in this instance, however, as דּברי shows, it is not an inarticulate cry, but a cry bearing aloft to God the words of prayer. of the roar of the lion (Aq. This word apparently means “to wag,” like a dog does with his tail when it is excited, and figuratively this word means “to be delightfully happy.” Because this word is a synonym with galal, we can conclude that galal more literally means “to roll over in excitement.” Also notice that the words “deliver” and “rescue” are synonyms, words with very similar meanings. Let him deliver him - Let him come and save him. שׁאגה, prop. Now let’s take a look at the word “delight.” This is the Hebrew verb hhapheyts (Strong’s #2654), which Strong’s defines as “properly to incline to; by implication (literally but rarely) to bend; figuratively to be pleased with, desire.” The KJV translates this word as delight, please, desire, will, pleasure, favour, like, move and would. We will not rescue him; we will do nothing to save him, for we do not need him. Proverbs 16:3 Commit thy works unto the LORD, and thy thoughts shall be established. Psalm 22 is the 22nd psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" ad Pammachium de optimo genere interpretandi, where he cries out to his critics, sticklers for tradition, Reddant rationem, cur septuaginta translatores interposuerunt "respice in me!"). What blasphemy! Seeing he delighted in him - Margin, "if he delight in him." Let him deliver him, since he delights in him.” Let him show his friendship for this vagrant, this impostor, this despised and worthless man. Seeing he delighteth in him He says it in Aramaic, not in order that all may understand it-for such a consideration was far from His mind at such a time-but because the Aramaic was His mother tongue, for the same reason that He called God אבּא doG dellac in prayer. What an exhibition of the dreadful depravity of the human heart was manifested in the crucifixion of the Redeemer! Because “roll over to Yahweh” is not how we speak in English, so they translated this concrete word with an abstract one in order for the English reader to be “more comfortable” with the verse. As I began my investigation into this word and its meaning within the context of the verse, I quickly realized that this verse would make an excellent case study to show how important it is to understand Hebrew vocabulary, poetry and philosophy when studying the Bible. (KJV, Job 40:17) “He trusts in the LORD,” they say, “let the LORD rescue him. What does Psalm 22:8 mean? 1a. From the sixth to the ninth hour the earth was shrouded in darkness. Thus, therefore, רחוק in the primary form, as in Psalm 119:155, according to Ges. He trusted on the LORD that he would deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing he delighted in him. I have found the book of Job to be an ancient dictionary to the Ancient Hebrew language. רחוק is not to be taken as an apposition of the subject of עזבתני: far from my help, (from) the words of my crying (Riehm); for דברי שׁאגתי would then also, on its part, in connection with the non-repetition of the מן, be in apposition to מישׁועתי. …in the desolation they rolled themselves upon me. In a time where he feels abandoned by God (Psalm 22:1–2), part of his hardship is hearing others mock his pain (Psalm 22:6–7). If God wants him, let him come and save him. He trusted on the Lord that he would deliver him, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Let him deliver him of the lxx, render: Θεέ μου, θεέ μου, ἵνα τί με ἐγκατέλιπες.
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