The speaker is assisted by the deputy speaker who is also elected by the members. The CPI(M) led LDF did a clean sweep of 11–0 over UDF and NDA in Kollam district during 2016 Local body election. The Kollam and Alapuzha districts, where trade unions have a strong presence, are generally inclined to Left parties, though several times the UDF has won. The state animal of Kerala is the elephant, and the government emblem has two elephants in it. Legislative assembly elections are held every five years to elect a new assembly, unless there is a successful vote of no confidence in the government or a two-thirds vote for a snap election in the assembly, in which case an election may be held sooner. In most cases the cabinet members exercise power directly as leaders of the government departments, though some cabinet positions are sinecures to a greater or lesser degree. The Congress party has great popularity in the Thrissur, Ernakulam, Kottayam, Pathanamthitta and Thiruvananthapuram regions, whereas it has a strong influence in some parts of Idukki regions.  Kerala was the first Indian state where the communists (Communist Party of India) were voted to power. The party has strong bases in Malappuram District in central Kerala. They are collectively responsible to the legislative assembly of the State. In terms of individual parties, the state has strong leanings towards socialism and thus Communist parties have made strong inroads in Kerala. All members of the legislative assembly are directly elected, normally once in every five years by the eligible voters who are above 18 years of age. The Malabar region, particularly Kannur and Palakkad, are considered the heartland of the Communist parties. Senior CPM leader MA Baby while addressing media, said that the Kerala government invited criticism by hastily amending the Police Act. The alliance was created by the Congress (then known as Congress-Indira) party leader K. Karunakaran in 1978. Kerala State has been divided into 14 districts, 27 revenue divisions, 14 district panchayats, 75 taluks, 152 CD blocks, 1453 revenue villages, 978 Gram panchayats, 6 corporations and 60 municipalities. This crest was the insignia of Lord Sree Padmanabha (a form of Lord Vishnu) - the national deity of Travancore. The party has strong bases in Ernakulam and Kottayam regions of central Kerala. Judiciary has been separated from the executive in Kerala like other Indian states. Image Credits: Wikipedia Kerala was the first Indian state where the communists (Communist Party of India) were voted to power. The government is led by the chief minister (currently Pinarayi Vijayan, 25 May 2016), who selects all the other ministers. Pinarayi Vijayan WITH THE Kerala government’s new gag law triggering serious criticism against the party, the CPI-M central leadership intervened on Sunday. Both have accused the other of corruption, promoting or condoning political violence, and "the general breakdown of law and order" during their periods in government.. Only Indian citizens above 35 years of age are eligible for appointment. It has the nation's largest politically aware population, which actively participates in state politics. It does not have any elected Parliament, but has one Legislative Assembly member and selected members in all the Corporations, several Municipal Councils and a large number of Local Panchayats. The main function of the assembly is to pass laws and rules. Like all other Indian states, the minimum age of registration of a voter is 18 years. , Since the early 1980s these two pre-poll political alliances have alternated in government with neither able to gain re-election for a second term. The pre-poll political alliances of Kerala have stabilized strongly in such a manner that, with rare exceptions, most of the coalition partners stick their loyalty to the respective alliances (Left Democratic Front or United Democratic Front). Shanku was considered one of the common emblems of a majority of the Kerala feudal kingdoms. Clashes between supporters of the two coalitions have occurred periodically. , However, till then the political scenario in Kerala (1957 - 1980) was characterized by continually shifting alliances, party mergers and splits, factionalism within the coalitions and within political parties, and the formation of a numerous splinter groups. The governor has the power to summon the assembly or to close the same. The governor summons prorogues and dissolves the legislature. Information on State Parties,State Parties of Kerala,Government And Politics of Kerala. Kerala has 20 seats in the Lok Sabha (Indian Lower House) and nine seats in the Rajya Sabha (the Council of States). It led the Kerala government in 1981 - 82 (Karunakaran), 1982 - 87 (Karunakaran), 1991 - 96 (Karunakaran and A. K. Antony), 2001 - 06 (Antony and Oommen Chandy) and 2011 - 16 (Chandy). The Bharatiya Janata Party (the Party that currently leads the Government of India) is also active in Kerala, but is not part of either coalition. The current assembly consists of 140 elected members and one member nominated by the governor from the Anglo-Indian community. The present Chief Minister is Pinarayi Vijayan, who took office on 25 May 2016. The chief minister and the council of ministers also have been appointed by the governor. These two coalitions have alternated in power since 1982. Kerala Congress, which has several factions in United Democratic Front and Left Democratic Front, has strong influence in central Kerala. Under the Indian constitution, executive authority lies with the governor, although this authority is exercised only by, or on the advice of, the chief minister and the cabinet. Elections are also held to choose representatives to the civic bodies at various levels within Kerala. RSPK(B) – Revolutionary Socialist Party of Kerala (Bolshevik) The political alliance has strongly stabilised and, with rare exceptions, most of the coalition partners maintain loyalty to the alliance. The Government of Kerala, formally and commonly referred to as Kerala Government is the state government of the Indian state of Kerala. JP – Janata Party. INL – Indian National League. The multilateral system has, since 1956, been dominated by the several pre-poll and post-poll alliances. The elected members select one of its own members as its chairman who is called the speaker. Generally, the winning party and its chief minister chooses the ministers list and submit the list for the Governor's approval. The current politics in Kerala is largely dominated by two pre-poll alliances. It has the nation's largest politically aware population, which actively participates in state politics. He can close the legislative assembly on the recommendation of the chief minister. The party later switched fronts and formed an alliance with the Congress. The party enjoys popularity in the districts of Thiruvananthapuram and Kasaragod, Corporations, Municipalities, and Taluks of Kerala, Citizens Charter in Local Governments in Kerala, 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election, "Organizational and functional details of the Government Secretariat", Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Government_of_Kerala&oldid=990175740, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Executive powers related to administration, appointments, and removals, Legislative powers related to lawmaking and the state legislature, Discretionary powers to be carried out according to the discretion of the governor, Socialist groups, consisting of several small fragmented parties like the, Communist parties consist of various groups which have broken away from the, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 06:22. Kerala has a unique position in India as one of the most politicised states. Right-wing politics in Kerala is represented by the Bharatiya Janata Party.  The largest Communist party is the CPIM and the second largest is the CPI. The department is further divided into sections, each of which is under the charge of a section officer. When the kingdoms of Cochin and Travancore merged in 1949, for a brief period, the crest carried a wheel or chakra in the centre with Shanku on top of it. The state bird is the great Indian hornbill (ML:മലമ്പുഴക്കി വേഴാമ്പല്). The government is dependent on Kerala Legislative Assembly to make primary legislation. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, two main pre-poll political alliances were formed: the Left Democratic Front, led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and Communist Party of India and the United Democratic Front, led by the Indian National Congress.
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