genetic selection ethics

genetic selection ethics

The Collins’ intended to conceive a girl, as their first two children were boys and the couple wanted a daughter in the family. Genetic engineering involves putting the desired “new” gene into a little virus … The genetic revolution is changing the very nature of medicine. Developments in genetics and genomics offer exciting new modalities for medicine, they also raise a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations that include among others adverse diagnosis and genetic counseling, the rise of reprogenetics, do-it-yourself (DIY) genetic testing, gene patenting, biobanking, the prospects of big data and their application for personalized or precision medicine, as well as concerns regarding privacy and data security and the potential for genetic discrimination. Present technological capabilities point to PGD as the likely method for selecting traits, since scientists have not established a reliable means of in vivo embryonic gene selection. Gene editing is the modification of DNA sequences in living cells. 0000061643 00000 n As far as I know, no one has tried to use genetic engineering for sex selection. Lemonick, Michael. And especially Sally. 0000001050 00000 n Advances in genetics and genomics have opened the possibility for the increased effectiveness and affordability of medicine through the prospects of personalized or precision medicine, but have also led to the selection of embryos based on their genetic makeup through preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and prenatal genetic testing or screening (PGT). “Choosing Your Baby’s Gender.”, Verlinsky, Yuri. Some ethical concerns held by opponents of designer babies are related to the social implications of creating children with preferred traits. For example, parents keen on establishing musical appreciation in their children may sign them up for music classes or take them to concerts on a regular basis. EXPLORING THE NEXUS OF BIOMEDICINE, BIOTECHNOLOGY, & OUR COMMON HUMANITY. 0000001420 00000 n 0000002351 00000 n H�b```"�( ��1�����zvo��u\��tc�!�c���@������ ��%��4?�Eԁ�gL�2�4 J |c�W���E��f2�d�j(�X���h���� o:#x endstream endobj 33 0 obj 139 endobj 17 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 12 0 R /Resources 18 0 R /Contents 25 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 18 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageC ] /Font << /TT1 20 0 R /TT2 22 0 R >> /XObject << /Im1 31 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 26 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 23 0 R /Cs8 24 0 R >> >> endobj 19 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -568 -307 2028 1007 ] /FontName /MIEEPC+TimesNewRoman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /FontFile2 28 0 R >> endobj 20 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 148 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 667 0 722 667 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 778 611 778 722 556 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 556 444 556 444 333 500 556 278 0 0 278 833 556 500 0 0 444 389 333 556 500 722 0 500 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /MIEEIC+TimesNewRoman,Bold /FontDescriptor 21 0 R >> endobj 21 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -216 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -558 -307 2034 1026 ] /FontName /MIEEIC+TimesNewRoman,Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 133 /FontFile2 27 0 R >> endobj 22 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 148 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 833 0 0 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 278 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 278 0 0 0 0 444 0 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 722 722 556 0 667 556 611 0 722 944 0 722 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 500 444 500 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500 444 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 444 444 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /MIEEPC+TimesNewRoman /FontDescriptor 19 0 R >> endobj 23 0 obj [ /ICCBased 29 0 R ] endobj 24 0 obj [ /Separation /Auto 23 0 R 30 0 R ] endobj 25 0 obj << /Length 2135 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream 0000002917 00000 n Do we want the responsibility for that?” A couple of others on the team seemed to side with her. IVF has become an increasingly common procedure to help couples with infertility problems conceive children, and the practice of IVF confers the ability to pre-select embryos before implantation. • The use of PGD is expanding and its ethical implications are likely to increase. 15 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 17 /H [ 820 251 ] /L 82653 /E 67259 /N 3 /T 82235 >> endobj xref 15 19 0000000016 00000 n G�-���z㎖��W;�A��u>Q�m�=���h�x�j%��Z����P^�_$����8���^�����$>�cQYmw!�X�.O��b}o����j-wrH�������=^�z����IQo��e�-��,�Q�DX�u>��d�/2|c�6`~Hkf�9#P��o뜮m�?�C����F~�W@��՜n^����a��4�P��#��>�=�2F3�b�i�ZRݛ͖�ݻ�\���.�@-�=����5R�$���F˒��J6�H�^i��h0ec^�$���ZR���ä�UE�*e����Sci#���e)��ߖ �^���ѻ�b�Ǡ~�Zs>iH���J>��,�/Zϧg���;�H���. Additionally, other arguments in favor of designer baby technologies suggest that parents already possess a high degree of control over the outcome of their children’s lives in the form of environmental choices, and that this should absolve some of the ethical concerns facing genetic selection. ADDITIONAL RESOURCES YOU MAY FIND HELPFUL ON THIS TOPIC: 2065 Half Day Road, Deerfield, IL 60015 USA, “Bioethics Past, Present, and Future: Important Signposts in Human Dignity”, “The Ethics & Theology of Synthetic Gametes”, “Embryoids: Unique Entities or Protected Like Human Embryos?”, “CRISPR Update: Considerations for a Rapidly Evolving and Transformative Technology.”, Bioethics at the Box Office -- Genetic Ethics Edition, Primetime Bioethics -- Genetic Ethics Edition, A Quick Guide to Embryo-Like Things: Products and Processes, Human Genomic Medicine & Engineering from a Catholic Perspective, Did Jesus Look Like Joseph, Mary, or Neither? 0000000820 00000 n H��W]s�8|ׯ�G�JfD}k_�.q6�lv7WV�>$� �����"�;?�z В��\�(� fz�{�/׽�uN9����F���b�͗4_-�٘�u��+����6_�ދ779�|�j��ƣ)���F�����Բh��QSI� ����?���,�o��:�1���N�k�|�T “Designing Babies: What the Future Holds,”, The Embryo Project at Arizona State University, 1711 South Rural Road, Tempe Arizona 85287, United States. Learning objectives: • To recognise the main ethical difficulties raised by the practice of PGD. • PGD for sex selection for nonmedical reasons is prohibited in the UK. Prior to the Collins’ decision to choose the sex of their child, The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs released a statement in 1994 in support of using genetic selection as a means to prevent, cure or specific diseases, but that selection based on benign characteristics was not ethical. “Noninvasive Prenatal Diagnostic Technology: Medical, Market, or Regulatory Model?”, Kitcher, Philip.

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