functionalist perspective on family essay

functionalist perspective on family essay

Functionalism is a structural theory. Professionalist and Encounter Perspectives on Origin Essay Functionalist-the recognizeledge of intercourse Firstly, suffer standaim on the aim features of Professionalism, this arrival is inspired by Emile Durkheim effect of intercourse and his sociology is … This is shown by Bourne who says that single parent family are the most common in western society and that in 1996 11 per sent of people in Britain lived in this type of family- today it has doubled.Also, as society became more industrialised traditional roles were increasingly taken over by the state. Sociology is a study that could help us to understand the relationship between an individual, Essay on The Functionalist View of the Family, The Functionalist View of the Family They hold the view that meets well with the needs of an advanced industrial society for a geographically and socially mobile workforce. [33 marks] Sources used to derive this information include: By this Parsons means that family members can easily move to new centres of production. Functionalism is a macro theory which means it looks at a wider sociological view. 33 marks – 25 minutes. Sorry, but downloading is forbidden on this website. This is where the mother would provide an instrumental and expressive role and the father would be the breadwinner of the family. family as the normal way of life and watch television programs which All the content of this paper is his perspective on Functionalist View On Family and should be used only as a possible source of ideas. Another view which differs from functionalism is the feminist view, they think family reinforce inequality and patriarchy. For example the single parent family is a distinct and viable family type as O’ Donnell states “one in five families with dependant children in Britain in 1994 was headed by a single parent”. In response to Murdock’s theory, Parson says that in modern industrial societies the role of the family has become specialised. Parson believes that every family in every society has two “basic and irreducible” functions.For instance, primary socialisation – passing on of norms and values and appropriate gender roles, girls would be taught how to behave feminine and boys would be taught how to portray themselves as masculine. British people are born into families and then raised by a family. Parson concludes that only the nuclear family could provide the achievement orientated 2quired by modern economies. Parsons seems to of have ignored that in a number of families (this tends to be a minority), the functionalist interpretation of what are the correct norms and values are not passed on. The second main function of the family according to Parsons is: Functionalism is a structuralist theory; this meaning that it sees social structure (the social organisation of society) as more important than individuals. However, Parsons view of the socialisation process is criticised for being too deterministic, with children being pumped full of culture and their personalities being moulded by all powerful adults.Parson ignores the possibility of socialisation being a two way process in which roles are negotiated or that attempts of socialisation can be resisted by children. However according to Wilmott and Young, the pre-industrial family tended to be nuclear, not extended as claimed by Parsons with parents and children working together in cottage industries such as weaving.They also argue that the hardship of these early industrialised periods gave rise to the mother centred working class extended family, based on ties between mothers and their married daughters who relied on each other for financial, practical and emotional support. It is a consensus theory and structuralists prefer to use functionalism as it agrees with their ideals and models and they prefer to look at society as a whole. Functionalism is the belief that members of society form relationships 83 Is possible for this to happen in every family though? Similarly, Marxists argue that it meets the needs of capitalism, not its members or society. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. In other words, it looks at how the family, as an institution, helps in maintaining order and stability in society, and the significance of the family for its individual members. It is really important to be able to criticise the perspectives. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. They argue that functionalism neglects conflict, exploitation and the dark side of the family where many families are in places of disruption. social life without it there would be conflict and disorder. For many the nuclear family has always This sample essay on Functionalist View On Family provides important aspects of the issue and arguments for and against as well as the needed facts. Our customer support team is available Monday-Friday 9am-5pm EST. Functionalist View On Family. The concept that narrowly defines a nuclear family is essential to the stability in modern society and has been promoted by modern social conservatives in, Families are crucially important to society without doubt. The functionalist view of society makes the assumption that every society has a range of basic needs. Secondly, each perspective will be evaluated and critically analysed. (2019, Dec 06). Subject: Multicultural Education. Functionalism, Another functionalist view is that of Talcott Parsons, who focuses on the function of the school as being secondary socialisation and acts as a bridge between the family and wider society. The theory of “fit” is argued by Parsons, where he believes that the dominant structure of the family best suits the needs of the economy at the time.This means that the nuclear family “fits” into an industrial economy because they are geographically mobile and not reliant on wider kin. The Functionalist View of the Family It is undoubted that functionalism has contributed to the general understanding of the family, even if you don’t believe the functionalist view-point to be correct, it still plays an essential part in the topic of sociology by simply being there to conflict the Marxist view of the family. For example, children had to go to school rather than being taught by family members; therefore the family has lost its educational function. How about make it original at only $13.9/page? They also Instead, Functionalist View on Same-Sex Families It is undoubted that functionalism has contributed to the general understanding of the family, even if you don’t believe the functionalist view-point to be correct, it still plays an essential part in the topic of sociology by simply being there to conflict the Marxist view of the family. Sociology is the study of society. words(double Functionalists would say that if these needs are being met then the society is functioning and it is more likely to survive over a longer period of time. This essay will assess how functionalists view point of the family by exploring Murdock, Comte, Parsons and Durkheim, the founder of functionalism, ideas and evaluating, Compare and Contrast the Functionalist and Marxist views on the Family Click to learn more

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