This route stretched over 11,000 km and connected important empires such as China, India and Egypt in the east and Greece and Rome in the west. Some 40 of those include three or more levels. Inside there are dry wells where the water accumulated, or wet wells where the channeled water reached, which was essential. Not sure if the time has changed due to COVID pandemic. Archeologists think that this could have been up to 3500 people. Derinkuyu Underground City is situated in Derinkuyu Village. For thousands of years this mysterious region was the battlefield of different invading empires, since its location in the middle of the Silk Road, the most important “highway” of antiquity made it highly coveted because whoever controlled Cappadocia controlled trade routes, and a percentage of all wealth transported. Among the structures that can be found in the city of Derinkuyu, the school that is housed on the second level is striking. Derinkuyu is the deepest excavated underground city in Cappadocia in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. While we work as hard as we can to ensure the information provided here about Cappadocia Underground Cities is as accurate as possible, the changing nature of certain elements mean we can't absolutely guarantee that these details won't become a thing of the past. It is thought that this underground city was one of the biggest and 5 thousand people can live here at the same time. Also dozens of ventilation shafts and food reserves for months. Why build underground cities instead of on their surface? The fourth level is intended for citizens’ homes and meeting rooms. On the third floor were the pantries, where the inhabitants of the city deposited food in Sufficient amounts to withstand a multi-month-long siege. One of the most interesting places in Kaymaklı Underground City will be the copper processing workshop. The first floor was reserved for stables to make it easier for animals to go out, and passages were opened through the corridors opening from the stables to churches and other living areas. The entrance to the church on the 2nd floor, which was built with 2 apses and one nave, was controlled by sliders. Reply ↓ Emma Peel September 7, 2014 at 3:24 am Because of raids and attacks on Cappadocia area, there are hidden rooms and secret passages beneath almost every house that can be used as a protection. A self-sufficient community of monks was created that lived here until the Ottomans arrived and laid the foundations for what we now know as monastic life. According to Tripadvisor travelers, these are the best ways to experience Kaymakli Underground City: What hotels are near Kaymakli Underground City? As I mentioned in a previous post, the monasteries and churches of Goremme were firstly the refuge of monks and ascetics from Syria and Egypt fleeing from Roman persecution, and later from Arab and Persian raids. See Cappadocia's historical and natural attractions in one day on a tour that includes lunch, and all hotel pickup and drop-off. The well guaranteed the supply of water in case of site. Do you need to book in advance to visit Kaymakli Underground City? The 8-floor underground city has entrances from 4 different locations and is covered with sliding stones with holes in the middle for lances to protect against enemies. Even if Cappadocia Underground Cities have similar features with their purpose and architecture, you will encounter higher equipment while visiting Derinkuyu Underground City. The symbols of war have been buried for three millennia, and the great abundance of them means that practically in the basement of every human settlement that historically already existed in the remote past, there is an underground city that replicates it. It's a lot more intricate, winding, and deep than some smaller ones. Of course, these underground cities were also vital forts, protecting their citizens, and the Cappadocia made provisions for this, including sturdy doors and even holes in the ceilings through which to pour hot oil over any intruders. Derinkuyu Underground City is the most famous of the Cappadocia subterranean cities built by early Christians and protected by UNESCO. According to the German origin Martin Urban, who came to Cappadocia in 1970s and made a comprehensive research, the age of the underground cities of Cappadocia was back to 7 – 8 BC. The second issue to be covered was the provisioning of the population in case of siege. Hados Travel Cappadocia is the leading DMC(Destination Management Company) located in the heart of Goreme and 2nd office in the heart of Istanbul Sultanahmet, Cappadocia Underground City and Brief History, 320 km south of Ankara and in the middle of the Central Anatolian desert, there is a peninsula of more than 800,000 square meters that is called, In the IV century Constantine recognized Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire. The narrow tunnels and defensive traps served as protection by slowing the enemy advance since the fact that they entered one by one and hunched over made them very vulnerable. Özlüce Underground City, which is 6 km west of Kaymaklı Town on the Nevşehir – Derinkuyu road, has taken the name of the village it is in. There are barns with strong columns in the second entrance. Right now it's not packed and it's the best underground city we've seen. They remain generally unoccupied. Much less crowded. Architectural elements such as the simple but ingenious triple arch system already existed in this city before he applied it to its beautiful buildings. If you would like to visit Mazı Underground City, private visits are recommended. Ozkonak is the third largest excavated city in Cappadocia with an area of 1,600 meters and two and a half floors. This underground city, which is almost half the size of Derinkuyu Underground City, is located in Kaymaklı Town, 20 km away from Nevşehir, and has been among UNESCO World Cultural Heritage since 1984. This is an indication that Mazı Underground City is home to an advanced society in animal husbandry. The cross-shaped church is carved on the 2nd floor of the underground city and can be reached by going down the stairs from the 3rd and 4th floors. Each floor could be closed off separately. In Goreme Turkey, which was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1985, a Christian bulwark hidden from the eyes of the world was created. It still stands by the multitude of load-bearing walls of its construction. The underground city which has a water well 15-meters deep and has still water inside, has not completely cleaned yet. If you know of any information on this page that needs updating you can add a comment above or e-mail us. On the floors of the underground city, which is thought to has two floors, quite wide but not properly carved rectangular spaces and long narrow corridors connecting these spaces were found. In fact, a tunnel is believed to exist connecting the city of Derinkuyu with the underground city of Kaymakli through a nine kilometer long passageway. They could accommodate up to 20,000 people. Our guide was really knowledgeable and gave us all the historical information about the cave. Home Cappadocia Balloon Tours – Blog – Travel Cappadocia – Derinkuyu Underground City There are those who compare Cappadocia to a huge Gruyère cheese and it is not surprising.
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