The ditch was dug on the northern side only, as the rest of Medina was surrounded by rocky mountains and trees, impenetrable to large armies (especially cavalry). [Al- Bukhari and Muslim].(46).  She is said to have later become a Muslim.  From the Banu Sulaym, the Nadir secured 700 men, though this force would likely have been much larger had not some of its leaders been sympathetic towards Islam. The outnumbered defenders of Medina, mainly Muslims led by Islamic prophet Muhammad, opted to dig and fight from a trench rather than face the tribes in the open. They sharply rejected the terms of the agreement, protesting Medina had never sunk to such levels of ignominy. , The Confederate army made several other attempts to cross the trench during the night but repeatedly failed. Last edited on 26 November 2020, at 10:08, besieged the area of the Banu Qurayza tribe, Tafsir Ibn Kathir Juz' 21 (Part 21): Al-Ankaboot 46 to Al-Ahzab 30 2nd Edition, A Life of Mahomet and History of Islam to the Era of the Hegira, A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims;The Battle of the Trench, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_the_Trench&oldid=990760526, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Prophet (S.A.W) declared this attack to be the last battle against the Quraish. , The Confederates attempted several simultaneous attacks, in particular by trying to persuade the Banu Qurayza to attack the Muslims from the south. The trench together with Medina's natural fortifications rendered the confederate Cavalry (consisting of horses and camels) useless, locking the two sides in a stalemate. Heck, "Arabia Without Spices: An Alternate Hypothesis", pp. The lack of sleep made matters worse. The confederates were forced to withdraw in a state of panic and confusion. Salman Farsi RA gave the suggestion of digging the trench around the city of Madinah, these trenches were dug in 6 days. The enemy’s tents were torn up, their fires were extinguished, the sand and rain beat in their faces, and they were terrified by the portents against them. The Muslims being so heavily outnumbered, it was urgent that they come up with an impenetrabl, Madinah was safe from three sides by mountainous terrain. Other than digging the trench, Muslims also cut fodder from the other side of the trench. , The Confederates then attempted several simultaneous attacks, in particular by trying to persuade the Banu Qurayza to attack the Muslims from the south. He at one time leaned for me and I cast a glance and at another time I leaned for him and he would see and I recognised my father as he rode on his horse with his arms towards the tribe of Quraizah. It was a battle fought not against a single and specific enemy, but was rather a defensive battle fought against all enemy groups in The Jews of Khyber (Banu Nadir) and the other Bedouin tribes who had already become hostile to Muslims of Madinah allied themselves with the Quraish. Post was not sent - check your email addresses!  Several accounts note Muhammad's companions as executioners, Umar and Al-Zubayr in particular, and that each clan of the Aws was also charged with killing a group of Qurayza men.. Meeting the enemy in the open (which led to victory at Badr), and waiting for them inside the city (a lesson learnt from the defeat at Uhud) were both suggested. Therefore, one... […] Sunni Muslims perform the following: […]. Dr. M. Sa’id Ramadan Al-Buti – "Jurisprudence of Muhammad’s Biography", p. 73, English edition, published by Azhar University of Egypt (1988). The two confederate armies were marked by recriminations and mutual distrust. A: The Battle of Trench concluded with a decisive win for Muslims as a result of several reasons. Type above and press Enter to search. Press Esc to cancel. Due to this, Mohammad (S.A.W) exiled the members of Banu Nadir from the state of Madinah. Prophet (S.A.W) after this victory turned towards the quarters of Banu Quraiza to respond to their betrayal conduct. , Muhammad established his military headquarters at the hillock of Sala' and the army was arrayed there; this position would give the Muslims an advantage if the enemy crossed the trench. Banu Qurayza surrendered, Muslims seized their stronghold and their stores. While the Ghatafan did not retreat they had compromised themselves by entering negotiations in with Medina, and Confederacy's internal dissension had increased. Heck, Gene W. "Arabia Without Spices: An Alternate Hypothesis", in. The Islamic Information is your authentic platform of getting Islamic Articles, News, Duas and much more. . The slogan, ‘Allahu Akbar’ (God is the greatest) from the dust confirmed Ali’s victory. Only the greed of rich fortunes and booty kept them united for a while. Sahih al-Bukhari, 1:8:452, The Sahih al-Bukhari collection also mentions that after the battle, Muslims were to carry out offensive attacks against their enemies:, On the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. Powered by Hatena Blog Religion, Violence, and War Quiz. When about 25 days of the siege had passed, one night a violent windstorm blew into the Quraishite camp and threw the allied army into turmoil.  The loud voices, in which the troops prayed every night, created the illusion of a large force. The soldiers of the enemy got puzzled and surprised when they found themselves separated by the deep and wide trench. The Confederacy, considering that the Qurayza might give the hostage to Muhammad, refused. For the type of modern warfare, see, Aftermath: Siege and demise of the Banu Qurayza, Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, pp. After their expulsion from Mecca, the Muslims fought the Meccan Quraysh at the Battle of Badr in 624, and at the Battle of Uhud in 625. 'Ã'isha, one of Mohammad's wives, is cited as describing the woman as laughing and chatting with her during the massacre, down to the moment her name was called out: 'By Allah,' she said,' that is me.' Although the confederates could have deployed their infantry over the whole length of the trench, they were unwilling to engage the Muslims at close quarter as the former regarded the latter as superior in hand-to-hand fighting.  According to Ibn Ishaq, the situation became serious and fear was everywhere.. Meccan cavalry, as stated, would more than make up the balance in an open field battle, which is why the trench was so important. The battle is also referred to as the Battle of Confederates (غزوة الاحزاب). , Nuaym's stratagem worked. (33:9) Al-Ahzab.  From the Confederates, Huyayy ibn Akhtab, a Khaybarian, the leader of the exiled tribe Banu Nadir, returned to Medina seeking their support against the Muslims. Hazrat Mohammad (S.A.W) also participated in digging of the trench. , Muhammad attempted to hide his knowledge of the activities of Banu Qurayza; however, rumours soon spread of a massive assault on the city of Medina from Qurayza’s side which severely demoralised the Medinans. Greate pieces. , The Muslims found themselves in greater difficulties by day.  Muhammad offered to free and marry her and according to some sources she accepted his proposal, while according to others she rejected it and remained Muhammad’s slave. Because the people of Adal and Qarah had betrayed the Muslims and killed them at the opportune moment, Maududi believes the metaphor means the Qurayza were thought to be about to do the same. In total, the strength of the Confederate armies, though not agreed upon by scholars, is estimated to have included around 10,000 men and six hundred horsemen. He said: Yes. , Next Nuaym went to Abu Sufyan, the Confederate leader, warning him that the Qurayza had defected to Muhammad. If the siege fails, he said, the Confederacy will not be afraid to abandon the Jews, leaving them at the mercy of Muhammad. When the news of the war preparations of Quraish reached to the Prophet (S.A.W) in Madinah by friendly tribe Banu Khuza, he consulted with his companions. 'Urwa reported from Abdullah b. Zubair: I made a mention of that to my father, whereupon he said: My son, did you see me (on that occasion)? Nuaym went to Confederates’ leader Abu Sufyan and warned him that Banu Qurayza is forming an alliance with Muslims again, this caused a big mistrust between these two groups and that also became a reason why 10,000 lost to 3,000. What is coming from you to us?" Only at night, when the attacks stopped due to darkness, could they resume their regular worship. The Battle of the Trench (Arabic: غزوة الخندق, romanized: Ghazwat al-Khandaq), also known as the Battle of Khandaq (Arabic: معركة خندق, romanized: Ma’rakah al-Khandaq) and the Battle of the Confederates (Arabic: غزوة الاحزاب, romanized: Ghazwat al-Ahzab), was a 27-day-long defence by Muslims of Yathrib (now Medina) from Arab and Jewish tribes. Still, the fortress of the treacherous Banu Quraiza was a huge threat to the Muslims army. Nevertheless, he was unable to prevent the Meccan one. The victory of the Muslims in the Battle of Trench helped the Prophet (S.A.W) to strengthen his position. He advised the men to openly declare their findings, should they find the Banu Qurayza to be loyal, so as to increase the morale of the Muslim fighters. By Allah it is death!' The Spiritual Life © 2020.
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