"You are not your own; you are bought with a price. The Jews begin calling for Paul's life, reminiscent of the angry words of their forefathers (and possibly even some the present mob were there) when "they cried out, “Away with Him (JESUS), away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate *said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” (Jn 19:15). There can be no religious rite or good work required in addition to the grace (gift) of God, otherwise "grace is no more grace" (Ro 11:6). DIVINE APPOINTMENT. And he must have had a pretty healthy entourage if they were going to haul a bunch of Christians back as prisoners. - In Acts 9:6+ it says "What you must do" where the verb must is dei (present tense) which speaks of an obligation or necessity. to assist one who has suffered wrong, to avenge him, c. Paul talked about his testimony: his conduct before Christ. They were so infuriated. Jesus said "No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other. Hatred is like an unexploded bomb. And when they had tied him up with the thongs, Paul said to the centurion who was standing by, "Is it right for you to scourge a man who is a Roman citizen and uncondemned?" In the light of the above, it is likewise clear that the custom of the earliest Christians of going regularly to the temple for prayer was not something God desired that they should do, but rather something which he allowed, as being founded in their natural inclinations, a habit they could not quickly shake off. These writers were repeating a Pharisaic claim that their party was the party of akribeia. Are the temporary trinkets of this passing world blinding the eyes of your heart to see Jesus high and lifted up? All rights reserved), Oh, what can I give to the Master, I also was standing by approving, and watching out for the coats of those who were slaying him - In modern legal parlance, Paul was in essence an accomplice in the murder of Stephen, even if he did not pick up and throw a stone at Stephen. He was a man of Tarsus and Tarsus was no mean city. KJV Acts 22:18 And saw him saying unto me, Make haste, and get thee quickly out of Jerusalem: for they will not receive thy testimony concerning me. Still, the binding itself was forbidden for a citizen; and the fact of Paul's being freeborn raised the question of his having friends at Rome; and from such considerations Lysias himself was afraid. The very one who sought to tear down the Body of Christ, now sought to build up the Body of Christ! Stephen in addressing the Jews in Acts 7 used a similar accusation which got him stoned to death -- "Which one of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? THE EXPANDING WITNESS OF THE SPIRIT-EMPOWERED CHURCH, John Hannah's Outline for Third Missionary Journey (see map), Acts 22:1 "Brethren and fathers, hear my defense which I now offer to you.". VERSIONS OF PAUL'S CONVERSION, “And I said, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And the Lord said, ‘I am Jesus whom you are persecuting.’” (Acts 26:15), Acts 22:8 "And I answered, 'Who are You, Lord?' The commander came and said to him, "Tell me, are you a Roman?" Disraeli drew himself to full height, which wasn’t very much, and he replied these words: “My lord, you accuse me of being a Jew. Rising up be baptized and wash away your sins, calling upon his name?". One place in the Bible makes this crystal clear—the description of the baptism of Saul of Tarsus who became Paul the apostle. The Emperor Claudius was probably ruling when this man obtained his citizenship—thus his choice of name. This particular detail of the Hebrew pronunciation of Saul's name is repeated in the two later accounts of this encounter (Acts 22:7; 26:14). Test them by praying about them. And He said to me, 'I am (ego eimi) Jesus the Nazarene, whom you are persecuting - For just a moment put yourself in Saul's sandals and imagine you thoughts as you hear that the One you have been persecuting is the risen God! Examined (426)(anetazo from ana = emphatic + etazo = to examine) means to be examined thoroughly judicially or forensically, give someone a hearing and in this context using torture in connection with the hearing. Examples from the papyri often use procheirizomai to describe the choosing and recruiting of troops, or the appointment of people as tax collectors or other minor officials (Moulton-Milligan). Under is an idiom (para tous podas) literally "beside the foot of" (or "at the feet of"). 1:3 = "clouds are the dust beneath His feet. Paul would have had vivid memories of that horrible stoning leaving little doubt that that might be his fate if he failed to heed the warning to leave town. Then something special happened on the Damascus road. It’s only a visual testimony to an internal transformation, that’s all. Beat (flogged, gave lashes, struck) (1194)(dero) literally meant to remove the skin (flay = strip off skin) and here Paul confesses to the practice of whipping, beating, thrashing and scourging believers in a manner calculated to take off the skin (Mt. In this chapter, Paul said, "Lord, they themselves know, etc." Why? KJV Acts 22:27 Then the chief captain came, and said unto him, Tell me, art thou a Roman? As a matter of fact, it will be remembered that Pilate's residence, like that of Felix, was actually at Caesarea. The commander answered "I obtained this citizenship at a great price." Acts 22:1-30 . (Ro 14:19+). ", And again in Acts 9:21+ "the believers were describes as "those who called on (epikaleomai) this Name (Acts 9:20 = "Jesus...Son of God"). For (gar) is a term of explanation, in this case explaining why he should be removed from the earth. But he heard that a man had fallen overboard. Before his dealings with the temple Jews were over, however, it may be assumed that Paul got the message fully. Do (4160)(poieo) in this context means to undertake to do something, to accomplish the task. Paul's account of his conversion. The incomparable Hackett said: Arise and be baptized ... Vine's Greek Dictionary, as well as many commentators, has given the meaning of this as "Get yourself baptized and your sins washed away. He goes on in this verse to explain he was just as zealous for God as those in the crowd were to defend Judaism. 14. that thou shouldest . Approaching (present tense)(eggizo) means he was coming close to Damascus. "shut up" in church, family, or society! “Calling on the name of the Lord.” What does that mean? This would be God saying to him, “Here’s how to get saved: get baptized and wash away your sins.” Then if that was true, if that’s how Paul got saved, how do you think he’d tell others to get saved? In Lk 2:13+ of sudden appearance to the shepherds in the field of an angel and "a multitude of the heavenly host praising God." " Such wild and bitter cries revealed a carnal lust for Paul's blood. This is testimony of the holiness and perfection of Christ. And he said, Yea. (Life Application Bible Commentary – Acts). Paul used the Greek perfect tense indicating he had been trained by Gamaliel in the past but that this training had endured. But this way of beginning an inquiry by torture (inquisition) was contrary to Roman law (Page): Non esse a tormentis incipiendum, Divus Augustus statuit. Those who were about to examine him immediately let go of him - The examination was quickly brought to a halt! And so Luke describes Paul's early post-conversion life in Acts 9. On this subject Calvin commented: The question is asked, whether baptism is the cause of our cleansing. The prefixed ana ( “up”) would have here an intensifying function, an extra force largely lost by the New Testament period. He says his Jewish training was impeccable. The Hebrew language ... Paul addressed them in their Aramaic vernacular. Acts 22:13 came to me, and standing near said to me, 'Brother Saul, receive your sight!' It was one of the greatest university cities of the ancient world. It is the aim of the Christian daily to walk in the presence of the Risen Lord. 216. When I had returned to Jerusalem, and when I was praying in the Temple, it so happened that I was in a trance and I heard him saying to me, 'Hurry; depart speedily from Jerusalem because they will not receive your testimony about me.'
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